The big nutrition news this week is the release of the 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee's Scientific Report. It offers a sneak peak of what the updated 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, nutrition standards that influence national nutrition policy and are mandated to be updated every five years, might look like. This report is always very long (this one clocks in at almost 600 pages) and goes into exacting, scientific detail on what they recommend we eat. For a brief overview, read the Executive Summary.
A few talking points:
The 2015 DGAC’s work was guided by two fundamental realities. First, about half of all American adults—117 million individuals—have one or more preventable, chronic diseases, and about two-thirds of U.S. adults—nearly 155 million individuals—are overweight or obese. These conditions have been highly prevalent for more than two decades. Poor dietary patterns, overconsumption of calories, and physical inactivity directly contribute to these disorders. Second, individual nutrition and physical activity behaviors and other health-related lifestyle behaviors are strongly influenced by personal, social, organizational, and environmental contexts and systems. Positive changes in individual diet and physical activity behaviors, and in the environmental contexts and systems that affect them, could substantially improve health outcomes.
The overall body of evidence examined by the 2015 DGAC identifies that a healthy dietary pattern is higher in vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low- or non-fat dairy, seafood, legumes, and nuts; moderate in alcohol (among adults); lower in red and processed meat;i and low in sugar-sweetened foods and drinks and refined grains.
Federal policy makers will review this report and use it to write the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which will likely be released at the end of the year.
Here is what a few others are saying: